Ministry of the Word
  PARABLES introduction n classification
 
 
 
 
 
I PARABLES
Jesus  uses every Parable to reveal the reality or Nature of the KOG
either how to extend the KOG or how to live it.
 
II Characteristics of Jesus Parables.
(1) They are easy to understand,
 Because he employs concrete ideas, words & pictures.
(2) Parables are Masterpiece of story telling.
 
In every Parable of Jesus, Jesus gives you a revelation which demands a revolution & lead you to a resolution
REVELATION-------REVOLUTION---RESOLUTION.
After listening to a P you will never remain the same,
you will either be better or worse if you ignore it.
 
III Def of a Parable, what is a Parable: The wd Parable comes from a Greek word parabole.
(i) para means along side, bolein = throw; two things thrown alongside. At the basis of the P there is always a comparison, there are 3 aspects
(ii) symbols –images that the Parables uses.
       Reality—beneath the symbol
       Comparison that relates the symbol to the reality.
 
Ex. Lost Sheep       Symbol—Shepherd
                                Reality--- God
                        Comparison--- Relating God with the sheep.
Just as the shepherd rejoices the finding of the lost sheep so also God rejoices in finding the lost person
(iii) A P is an extended comparison in the form of a story, it narrates a story that never took place but so true to life it could happen to anybody anytime.
 
IV Distinction between parables & allegory:
In a P there is only one comparison. In a allegory there are number of implicit comparisons,
In Hebrew masal, in Aramaic mathla.
These includes fables, P, proverbs examples, arguments
 
V  Why did Jesus speak in Parables
It is an excellent teaching style, abstract reality in concrete terms.
Jesus does not do the thinking for us,
he provokes us to thinking.
A Parable tickles us in to thinking—
 
 
VI Classification of the P of J:
I God offer of salvation to sinners. These P offer the GN that God is offering ( GN to the
2 Accept Gods offer today / now                                                                                 sinners)
3 Live in the Kingdom of life today—(a)with God --(b) neighbour
 
 
1. GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS:
Salvation is being offered to ALL Jews & Gentiles alike. Specially to the despised & the lost ( also to the Pharisees)
*Who are the 10 Parables addressed to: They are addressed not to the sinners / despised but to the opponents of Jesus.
*The main purpose of the Parable is not to present the GN (God offer of Salvation. to sinners)
 
Jesus focuses on 3 characters:
a. The sinner
b. The critics themselves / & the self righteous.
c. God.
 
a. PARABLE               b. SINNERS         c. CRITICS           d. Why does God accept sinners
 
 
Classifications of Jesus Parables.
 
1. 10 PARABLES ON GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS.
 
1. Sick & healthy. -------------------Mt 9:9-13
2. Two sons.--------------------------Mt 21:28-33
3. Two debtors.---------------------- Lk 7:41-43
4. Lost Sheep ------------------------Lk 15:3-7
5. Lost Coin.-------------------------- Lk 15:8
6. Lost son.---------------------------Lk 15:11
7. Wicked vine dressers.------------Mt 21:33-46
8. Great banquet.--------------------Mt 22:11-14; Lk 14:15-24
9. Generous Employer.--------------Mt 20:1-16
10. Pharisee & the tax collector.----Lk 18:9-14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sec II   ACCEPT GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TODAY
 
2:1 Act now before to is too late       10 Parables
2:2 Act now take necessary action     7 Parables
2:3 Act now let nothing impede you   7 Parables
2:4 Act now it is supremely worthy.   2 Parables
2:5 Act now this is your last chance   1 Parables
 
2:1 ACT NOW BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.    10 Parables
 
2:1.1 NOCTURNAL BURGLAR           Mt 24:43-44;   Lk 12:39-40
2:1.2 THE 10 MAIDENS ---------------Mt 25: 1-13.
2:1.3 THE DOOR KEEPER -------------Mt 13:33-37;    Lk 12:35-38
2:1.4 SERVENT ENTRUSTED WITH SUPERVISION   Mt 24:45 – 51; Lk 12 :42-46
2: 1.5 TALENTS -------------------Mt 25 : 14 – 30; Lk 19 : 12 – 27
2: 1.6 THE WEDDING GARMENTS ----------------- Mt 22: 11 – 13.
2: 1.7 Simile snare & the unwary (bird) --------------Lk 21: 34 - 36 
2: 1.8   Simile- Budding Fig tree Mk 13: 28, 29. Lk 17: 26 – 27; 28 – 30.                                             
2: 1.9 Simile concerning harvest time Mt 24 : 32 – 33; Lk 21 : 29 – 31
2: 1.10 EYE LAMP OF THE BODY Mt : 22 -23; Lk 11: 34 – 36
 
2 : 2. ACT NOW, TAKE NECESSARY ACTION (7 PARABLES)
 
2 : 2.1 DEBTORS         Mt 5:25, 26; Lk 12: 58,59    
2 : 2.2 THE DISHONEST STEWARD    Lk 16: 1 – 8.           
2 : 2.3 THE RETURN OF THE UNCLEAN SPIRIT Mt 12: 43-45a; Lk 11:24–26.
2 : 2.4 CHILDREN -----MARKET PLACE      Mt 11: 16 – 19   Simile
2 : 2.5 NEW GARMENTS /NEW SKINS Lk 5 : 36 - 39
2 : 2.6 PLOUGH MAN Lk 9 : 61 ,62;   act now take necessary action
2 : 2.7a. TOWER BUILDER,   Lk 14:28-32
2.2.7b KING CONTEMPLATING A CAMPAIGN Lk 14:28-32
 
2 : 3.   ACT NOW LET NOTHING IMPEDE YOU.    7 Parables.
 
2 : 3.1 RICH FOOL                Luke   12:16 - 21.
2 : 3.2 RICHMAN & LAZARUS   Lk 16 : 19 – 31.
2 : 3.3. WEDDING FEAST            22: 1 – 14; Lk 14 : 15 – 24.
2 : 3.4 CAMEL/NEEDLE simile Mk 10:24; Setting & context all are same Mt    
            19:24.All are same Lk18: 25
2 : 3.5 LET THE DEAD BURRY THE DEAD Mt 8 : 21 -22; Lk 9 :59 – 60.
2 : 3.6 2 MEN IN THE FIELD   Mt 24 : 40; Lk 34 : 36   Metaphor
2 : 3.7 2 WOMEN AT THE MEAL metaphor   Mt 24 :41;   Lk 17 : 35.
 
 
2 : 4.   ACT NOW IT IS SUPREME WORTH IT. 
(TWIN PARABLES)
 
2 : 4.1 THE TREASURE   Mt 13 : 4
2 : 4.2 THE PEARL Mt 13 45 – 46.
2 : 5. ACT NOW THIS IS YOUR LAST CHANCE.    I PARABLE
2 : 5. 1 THE UNPRODUCTIVE FIG TREE Lk 13:6-9           
 
 
3 .1 WE LIVE THE KINGDOM LIFE – IN CONFIDENT HOPE.   (6 PARABLES)
 
3 .1.1. Mustard seed Mk 4:30-32                     
3 1.2. Leaven Lk 13:20-21
3. 1.3 THE SOWER.           Mk 4 : 3 – 8; Mt 13 : 3 – 8; Lk 8 : 4 – 8.
3 .1.4 PATIENT FARMER     Mk 4 : 26 - 29
3. !. 5   THE UNJUST JUDGE            Lk 18 : 2 -8. CONFIDENT HOPE
3 .1.6 THE UNOBLIGING FRIEND         Lk 11 : 5 – 8. 
 
3 .2 PATIENT & TOLERANCE 
 
3. 2.1 WHEAT / WEEDS    Mt 13 : 24 – 34.
3 .2.2 NET GOOD DRAGNET / BAD FISH          Mt 13 : 47 – 50.
 
3 .3   OBEDIENCE TO GOD / JESUS WORD
 
3.3.1. THE 2 FOUNDATIONS              Mt 7: 24 – 27; Lk 6 : 47 – 49.
3.3.2. THE 2 SONS       Mt 21 : 28 – 32           See (1.2) Gods Offer of salvation
3.3.3. THE SOWER   ------Mk4 : 14 – 20; Mt 13 : 18 – 23;   Lk 8 : 1 – 15.
 
3 .4   PRAYER there are 2 parables that teach on prayer.
 
3.4.1. PHARISEE & THE TAX COLLECTOR (originally 2 p) Lk 18 : 9 – 14   (1.10)
3.4.2. THE UNJUST JUDGE----------(3 1.5) Mt 13: 47—50.
3.4.3. UNOBLIGATING FRIEND   (3 1.6)   Lk 11: 5-8
 
3 5. LOVE OF NEIGHBOUR
 
3.5.1. Good Samaritan              Jn 15:12.   Lk 10:25—37.
3.5.2. Last Judgment                 Mt 5:24-26
3.5.3 Unfaithful servant            Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 12:41-48
 
3 .6. STEWARDSHIP
 
3.6.1 Refer to 2 .1.4 Servant / Supervisor.
3.6.2 Refer to 2. 1.3 Doorkeeper.
3.6.3 Refer to 2 .1.5 Talents.
3.6.4 Refer to 2. 2.2 Dishonest Steward.
3.6.5 Refer to 2. 5.1 Unproductive Fig Tree.
 
3 7. MISSION  
 
3.7. 1. Great Supper --- Mt 22:1 –14; Lk 14: 16—24.
 
 
 
 
I PARABLES
Jesus  uses every Parable to reveal the reality or Nature of the KOG
either how to extend the KOG or how to live it.
 
II Characteristics of Jesus Parables.
(1) They are easy to understand,
 Because he employs concrete ideas, words & pictures.
(2) Parables are Masterpiece of story telling.
 
In every Parable of Jesus, Jesus gives you a revelation which demands a revolution & lead you to a resolution
REVELATION-------REVOLUTION---RESOLUTION.
After listening to a P you will never remain the same,
you will either be better or worse if you ignore it.
 
III Def of a Parable, what is a Parable: The wd Parable comes from a Greek word parabole.
(i) para means along side, bolein = throw; two things thrown alongside. At the basis of the P there is always a comparison, there are 3 aspects
(ii) symbols –images that the Parables uses.
       Reality—beneath the symbol
       Comparison that relates the symbol to the reality.
 
Ex. Lost Sheep       Symbol—Shepherd
                                Reality--- God
                        Comparison--- Relating God with the sheep.
Just as the shepherd rejoices the finding of the lost sheep so also God rejoices in finding the lost person
(iii) A P is an extended comparison in the form of a story, it narrates a story that never took place but so true to life it could happen to anybody anytime.
 
IV Distinction between parables & allegory:
In a P there is only one comparison. In a allegory there are number of implicit comparisons,
In Hebrew masal, in Aramaic mathla.
These includes fables, P, proverbs examples, arguments
 
V  Why did Jesus speak in Parables
It is an excellent teaching style, abstract reality in concrete terms.
Jesus does not do the thinking for us,
he provokes us to thinking.
A Parable tickles us in to thinking—
 
 
VI Classification of the P of J:
I God offer of salvation to sinners. These P offer the GN that God is offering ( GN to the
2 Accept Gods offer today / now                                                                                 sinners)
3 Live in the Kingdom of life today—(a)with God --(b) neighbour
 
 
1. GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS:
Salvation is being offered to ALL Jews & Gentiles alike. Specially to the despised & the lost ( also to the Pharisees)
*Who are the 10 Parables addressed to: They are addressed not to the sinners / despised but to the opponents of Jesus.
*The main purpose of the Parable is not to present the GN (God offer of Salvation. to sinners)
 
Jesus focuses on 3 characters:
a. The sinner
b. The critics themselves / & the self righteous.
c. God.
 
a. PARABLE               b. SINNERS         c. CRITICS           d. Why does God accept sinners
 
 
Classifications of Jesus Parables.
 
1. 10 PARABLES ON GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS.
 
1. Sick & healthy. -------------------Mt 9:9-13
2. Two sons.--------------------------Mt 21:28-33
3. Two debtors.---------------------- Lk 7:41-43
4. Lost Sheep ------------------------Lk 15:3-7
5. Lost Coin.-------------------------- Lk 15:8
6. Lost son.---------------------------Lk 15:11
7. Wicked vine dressers.------------Mt 21:33-46
8. Great banquet.--------------------Mt 22:11-14; Lk 14:15-24
9. Generous Employer.--------------Mt 20:1-16
10. Pharisee & the tax collector.----Lk 18:9-14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sec II   ACCEPT GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TODAY
 
2:1 Act now before to is too late       10 Parables
2:2 Act now take necessary action     7 Parables
2:3 Act now let nothing impede you   7 Parables
2:4 Act now it is supremely worthy.   2 Parables
2:5 Act now this is your last chance   1 Parables
 
2:1 ACT NOW BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.    10 Parables
 
2:1.1 NOCTURNAL BURGLAR           Mt 24:43-44;   Lk 12:39-40
2:1.2 THE 10 MAIDENS ---------------Mt 25: 1-13.
2:1.3 THE DOOR KEEPER -------------Mt 13:33-37;    Lk 12:35-38
2:1.4 SERVENT ENTRUSTED WITH SUPERVISION   Mt 24:45 – 51; Lk 12 :42-46
2: 1.5 TALENTS -------------------Mt 25 : 14 – 30; Lk 19 : 12 – 27
2: 1.6 THE WEDDING GARMENTS ----------------- Mt 22: 11 – 13.
2: 1.7 Simile snare & the unwary (bird) --------------Lk 21: 34 - 36 
2: 1.8   Simile- Budding Fig tree Mk 13: 28, 29. Lk 17: 26 – 27; 28 – 30.                                             
2: 1.9 Simile concerning harvest time Mt 24 : 32 – 33; Lk 21 : 29 – 31
2: 1.10 EYE LAMP OF THE BODY Mt : 22 -23; Lk 11: 34 – 36
 
2 : 2. ACT NOW, TAKE NECESSARY ACTION (7 PARABLES)
 
2 : 2.1 DEBTORS         Mt 5:25, 26; Lk 12: 58,59    
2 : 2.2 THE DISHONEST STEWARD    Lk 16: 1 – 8.           
2 : 2.3 THE RETURN OF THE UNCLEAN SPIRIT Mt 12: 43-45a; Lk 11:24–26.
2 : 2.4 CHILDREN -----MARKET PLACE      Mt 11: 16 – 19   Simile
2 : 2.5 NEW GARMENTS /NEW SKINS Lk 5 : 36 - 39
2 : 2.6 PLOUGH MAN Lk 9 : 61 ,62;   act now take necessary action
2 : 2.7a. TOWER BUILDER,   Lk 14:28-32
2.2.7b KING CONTEMPLATING A CAMPAIGN Lk 14:28-32
 
2 : 3.   ACT NOW LET NOTHING IMPEDE YOU.    7 Parables.
 
2 : 3.1 RICH FOOL                Luke   12:16 - 21.
2 : 3.2 RICHMAN & LAZARUS   Lk 16 : 19 – 31.
2 : 3.3. WEDDING FEAST            22: 1 – 14; Lk 14 : 15 – 24.
2 : 3.4 CAMEL/NEEDLE simile Mk 10:24; Setting & context all are same Mt    
            19:24.All are same Lk18: 25
2 : 3.5 LET THE DEAD BURRY THE DEAD Mt 8 : 21 -22; Lk 9 :59 – 60.
2 : 3.6 2 MEN IN THE FIELD   Mt 24 : 40; Lk 34 : 36   Metaphor
2 : 3.7 2 WOMEN AT THE MEAL metaphor   Mt 24 :41;   Lk 17 : 35.
 
 
2 : 4.   ACT NOW IT IS SUPREME WORTH IT. 
(TWIN PARABLES)
 
2 : 4.1 THE TREASURE   Mt 13 : 4
2 : 4.2 THE PEARL Mt 13 45 – 46.
2 : 5. ACT NOW THIS IS YOUR LAST CHANCE.    I PARABLE
2 : 5. 1 THE UNPRODUCTIVE FIG TREE Lk 13:6-9           
 
 
3 .1 WE LIVE THE KINGDOM LIFE – IN CONFIDENT HOPE.   (6 PARABLES)
 
3 .1.1. Mustard seed Mk 4:30-32                     
3 1.2. Leaven Lk 13:20-21
3. 1.3 THE SOWER.           Mk 4 : 3 – 8; Mt 13 : 3 – 8; Lk 8 : 4 – 8.
3 .1.4 PATIENT FARMER     Mk 4 : 26 - 29
3. !. 5   THE UNJUST JUDGE            Lk 18 : 2 -8. CONFIDENT HOPE
3 .1.6 THE UNOBLIGING FRIEND         Lk 11 : 5 – 8. 
 
3 .2 PATIENT & TOLERANCE 
 
3. 2.1 WHEAT / WEEDS    Mt 13 : 24 – 34.
3 .2.2 NET GOOD DRAGNET / BAD FISH          Mt 13 : 47 – 50.
 
3 .3   OBEDIENCE TO GOD / JESUS WORD
 
3.3.1. THE 2 FOUNDATIONS              Mt 7: 24 – 27; Lk 6 : 47 – 49.
3.3.2. THE 2 SONS       Mt 21 : 28 – 32           See (1.2) Gods Offer of salvation
3.3.3. THE SOWER   ------Mk4 : 14 – 20; Mt 13 : 18 – 23;   Lk 8 : 1 – 15.
 
3 .4   PRAYER there are 2 parables that teach on prayer.
 
3.4.1. PHARISEE & THE TAX COLLECTOR (originally 2 p) Lk 18 : 9 – 14   (1.10)
3.4.2. THE UNJUST JUDGE----------(3 1.5) Mt 13: 47—50.
3.4.3. UNOBLIGATING FRIEND   (3 1.6)   Lk 11: 5-8
 
3 5. LOVE OF NEIGHBOUR
 
3.5.1. Good Samaritan              Jn 15:12.   Lk 10:25—37.
3.5.2. Last Judgment                 Mt 5:24-26
3.5.3 Unfaithful servant            Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 12:41-48
 
3 .6. STEWARDSHIP
 
3.6.1 Refer to 2 .1.4 Servant / Supervisor.
3.6.2 Refer to 2. 1.3 Doorkeeper.
3.6.3 Refer to 2 .1.5 Talents.
3.6.4 Refer to 2. 2.2 Dishonest Steward.
3.6.5 Refer to 2. 5.1 Unproductive Fig Tree.
 
3 7. MISSION  
 
3.7. 1. Great Supper --- Mt 22:1 –14; Lk 14: 16—24.
 

 

 
 
 
I PARABLES
Jesus  uses every Parable to reveal the reality or Nature of the KOG
either how to extend the KOG or how to live it.
 
II Characteristics of Jesus Parables.
(1) They are easy to understand,
 Because he employs concrete ideas, words & pictures.
(2) Parables are Masterpiece of story telling.
 
In every Parable of Jesus, Jesus gives you a revelation which demands a revolution & lead you to a resolution
REVELATION-------REVOLUTION---RESOLUTION.
After listening to a P you will never remain the same,
you will either be better or worse if you ignore it.
 
III Def of a Parable, what is a Parable: The wd Parable comes from a Greek word parabole.
(i) para means along side, bolein = throw; two things thrown alongside. At the basis of the P there is always a comparison, there are 3 aspects
(ii) symbols –images that the Parables uses.
       Reality—beneath the symbol
       Comparison that relates the symbol to the reality.
 
Ex. Lost Sheep       Symbol—Shepherd
                                Reality--- God
                        Comparison--- Relating God with the sheep.
Just as the shepherd rejoices the finding of the lost sheep so also God rejoices in finding the lost person
(iii) A P is an extended comparison in the form of a story, it narrates a story that never took place but so true to life it could happen to anybody anytime.
 
IV Distinction between parables & allegory:
In a P there is only one comparison. In a allegory there are number of implicit comparisons,
In Hebrew masal, in Aramaic mathla.
These includes fables, P, proverbs examples, arguments
 
V  Why did Jesus speak in Parables
It is an excellent teaching style, abstract reality in concrete terms.
Jesus does not do the thinking for us,
he provokes us to thinking.
A Parable tickles us in to thinking—
 
 
VI Classification of the P of J:
I God offer of salvation to sinners. These P offer the GN that God is offering ( GN to the
2 Accept Gods offer today / now                                                                                 sinners)
3 Live in the Kingdom of life today—(a)with God --(b) neighbour
 
 
1. GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS:
Salvation is being offered to ALL Jews & Gentiles alike. Specially to the despised & the lost ( also to the Pharisees)
*Who are the 10 Parables addressed to: They are addressed not to the sinners / despised but to the opponents of Jesus.
*The main purpose of the Parable is not to present the GN (God offer of Salvation. to sinners)
 
Jesus focuses on 3 characters:
a. The sinner
b. The critics themselves / & the self righteous.
c. God.
 
a. PARABLE               b. SINNERS         c. CRITICS           d. Why does God accept sinners
 
 
Classifications of Jesus Parables.
 
1. 10 PARABLES ON GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS.
 
1. Sick & healthy. -------------------Mt 9:9-13
2. Two sons.--------------------------Mt 21:28-33
3. Two debtors.---------------------- Lk 7:41-43
4. Lost Sheep ------------------------Lk 15:3-7
5. Lost Coin.-------------------------- Lk 15:8
6. Lost son.---------------------------Lk 15:11
7. Wicked vine dressers.------------Mt 21:33-46
8. Great banquet.--------------------Mt 22:11-14; Lk 14:15-24
9. Generous Employer.--------------Mt 20:1-16
10. Pharisee & the tax collector.----Lk 18:9-14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sec II   ACCEPT GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TODAY
 
2:1 Act now before to is too late       10 Parables
2:2 Act now take necessary action     7 Parables
2:3 Act now let nothing impede you   7 Parables
2:4 Act now it is supremely worthy.   2 Parables
2:5 Act now this is your last chance   1 Parables
 
2:1 ACT NOW BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.    10 Parables
 
2:1.1 NOCTURNAL BURGLAR           Mt 24:43-44;   Lk 12:39-40
2:1.2 THE 10 MAIDENS ---------------Mt 25: 1-13.
2:1.3 THE DOOR KEEPER -------------Mt 13:33-37;    Lk 12:35-38
2:1.4 SERVENT ENTRUSTED WITH SUPERVISION   Mt 24:45 – 51; Lk 12 :42-46
2: 1.5 TALENTS -------------------Mt 25 : 14 – 30; Lk 19 : 12 – 27
2: 1.6 THE WEDDING GARMENTS ----------------- Mt 22: 11 – 13.
2: 1.7 Simile snare & the unwary (bird) --------------Lk 21: 34 - 36 
2: 1.8   Simile- Budding Fig tree Mk 13: 28, 29. Lk 17: 26 – 27; 28 – 30.                                             
2: 1.9 Simile concerning harvest time Mt 24 : 32 – 33; Lk 21 : 29 – 31
2: 1.10 EYE LAMP OF THE BODY Mt : 22 -23; Lk 11: 34 – 36
 
2 : 2. ACT NOW, TAKE NECESSARY ACTION (7 PARABLES)
 
2 : 2.1 DEBTORS         Mt 5:25, 26; Lk 12: 58,59    
2 : 2.2 THE DISHONEST STEWARD    Lk 16: 1 – 8.           
2 : 2.3 THE RETURN OF THE UNCLEAN SPIRIT Mt 12: 43-45a; Lk 11:24–26.
2 : 2.4 CHILDREN -----MARKET PLACE      Mt 11: 16 – 19   Simile
2 : 2.5 NEW GARMENTS /NEW SKINS Lk 5 : 36 - 39
2 : 2.6 PLOUGH MAN Lk 9 : 61 ,62;   act now take necessary action
2 : 2.7a. TOWER BUILDER,   Lk 14:28-32
2.2.7b KING CONTEMPLATING A CAMPAIGN Lk 14:28-32
 
2 : 3.   ACT NOW LET NOTHING IMPEDE YOU.    7 Parables.
 
2 : 3.1 RICH FOOL                Luke   12:16 - 21.
2 : 3.2 RICHMAN & LAZARUS   Lk 16 : 19 – 31.
2 : 3.3. WEDDING FEAST            22: 1 – 14; Lk 14 : 15 – 24.
2 : 3.4 CAMEL/NEEDLE simile Mk 10:24; Setting & context all are same Mt    
            19:24.All are same Lk18: 25
2 : 3.5 LET THE DEAD BURRY THE DEAD Mt 8 : 21 -22; Lk 9 :59 – 60.
2 : 3.6 2 MEN IN THE FIELD   Mt 24 : 40; Lk 34 : 36   Metaphor
2 : 3.7 2 WOMEN AT THE MEAL metaphor   Mt 24 :41;   Lk 17 : 35.
 
 
2 : 4.   ACT NOW IT IS SUPREME WORTH IT. 
(TWIN PARABLES)
 
2 : 4.1 THE TREASURE   Mt 13 : 4
2 : 4.2 THE PEARL Mt 13 45 – 46.
2 : 5. ACT NOW THIS IS YOUR LAST CHANCE.    I PARABLE
2 : 5. 1 THE UNPRODUCTIVE FIG TREE Lk 13:6-9           
 
 
3 .1 WE LIVE THE KINGDOM LIFE – IN CONFIDENT HOPE.   (6 PARABLES)
 
3 .1.1. Mustard seed Mk 4:30-32                     
3 1.2. Leaven Lk 13:20-21
3. 1.3 THE SOWER.           Mk 4 : 3 – 8; Mt 13 : 3 – 8; Lk 8 : 4 – 8.
3 .1.4 PATIENT FARMER     Mk 4 : 26 - 29
3. !. 5   THE UNJUST JUDGE            Lk 18 : 2 -8. CONFIDENT HOPE
3 .1.6 THE UNOBLIGING FRIEND         Lk 11 : 5 – 8. 
 
3 .2 PATIENT & TOLERANCE 
 
3. 2.1 WHEAT / WEEDS    Mt 13 : 24 – 34.
3 .2.2 NET GOOD DRAGNET / BAD FISH          Mt 13 : 47 – 50.
 
3 .3   OBEDIENCE TO GOD / JESUS WORD
 
3.3.1. THE 2 FOUNDATIONS              Mt 7: 24 – 27; Lk 6 : 47 – 49.
3.3.2. THE 2 SONS       Mt 21 : 28 – 32           See (1.2) Gods Offer of salvation
3.3.3. THE SOWER   ------Mk4 : 14 – 20; Mt 13 : 18 – 23;   Lk 8 : 1 – 15.
 
3 .4   PRAYER there are 2 parables that teach on prayer.
 
3.4.1. PHARISEE & THE TAX COLLECTOR (originally 2 p) Lk 18 : 9 – 14   (1.10)
3.4.2. THE UNJUST JUDGE----------(3 1.5) Mt 13: 47—50.
3.4.3. UNOBLIGATING FRIEND   (3 1.6)   Lk 11: 5-8
 
3 5. LOVE OF NEIGHBOUR
 
3.5.1. Good Samaritan              Jn 15:12.   Lk 10:25—37.
3.5.2. Last Judgment                 Mt 5:24-26
3.5.3 Unfaithful servant            Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 12:41-48
 
3 .6. STEWARDSHIP
 
3.6.1 Refer to 2 .1.4 Servant / Supervisor.
3.6.2 Refer to 2. 1.3 Doorkeeper.
3.6.3 Refer to 2 .1.5 Talents.
3.6.4 Refer to 2. 2.2 Dishonest Steward.
3.6.5 Refer to 2. 5.1 Unproductive Fig Tree.
 
3 7. MISSION  
 
3.7. 1. Great Supper --- Mt 22:1 –14; Lk 14: 16—24.
 
 
 
 
I PARABLES
Jesus  uses every Parable to reveal the reality or Nature of the KOG
either how to extend the KOG or how to live it.
 
II Characteristics of Jesus Parables.
(1) They are easy to understand,
 Because he employs concrete ideas, words & pictures.
(2) Parables are Masterpiece of story telling.
 
In every Parable of Jesus, Jesus gives you a revelation which demands a revolution & lead you to a resolution
REVELATION-------REVOLUTION---RESOLUTION.
After listening to a P you will never remain the same,
you will either be better or worse if you ignore it.
 
III Def of a Parable, what is a Parable: The wd Parable comes from a Greek word parabole.
(i) para means along side, bolein = throw; two things thrown alongside. At the basis of the P there is always a comparison, there are 3 aspects
(ii) symbols –images that the Parables uses.
       Reality—beneath the symbol
       Comparison that relates the symbol to the reality.
 
Ex. Lost Sheep       Symbol—Shepherd
                                Reality--- God
                        Comparison--- Relating God with the sheep.
Just as the shepherd rejoices the finding of the lost sheep so also God rejoices in finding the lost person
(iii) A P is an extended comparison in the form of a story, it narrates a story that never took place but so true to life it could happen to anybody anytime.
 
IV Distinction between parables & allegory:
In a P there is only one comparison. In a allegory there are number of implicit comparisons,
In Hebrew masal, in Aramaic mathla.
These includes fables, P, proverbs examples, arguments
 
V  Why did Jesus speak in Parables
It is an excellent teaching style, abstract reality in concrete terms.
Jesus does not do the thinking for us,
he provokes us to thinking.
A Parable tickles us in to thinking—
 
 
VI Classification of the P of J:
I God offer of salvation to sinners. These P offer the GN that God is offering ( GN to the
2 Accept Gods offer today / now                                                                                 sinners)
3 Live in the Kingdom of life today—(a)with God --(b) neighbour
 
 
1. GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS:
Salvation is being offered to ALL Jews & Gentiles alike. Specially to the despised & the lost ( also to the Pharisees)
*Who are the 10 Parables addressed to: They are addressed not to the sinners / despised but to the opponents of Jesus.
*The main purpose of the Parable is not to present the GN (God offer of Salvation. to sinners)
 
Jesus focuses on 3 characters:
a. The sinner
b. The critics themselves / & the self righteous.
c. God.
 
a. PARABLE               b. SINNERS         c. CRITICS           d. Why does God accept sinners
 
 
Classifications of Jesus Parables.
 
1. 10 PARABLES ON GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS.
 
1. Sick & healthy. -------------------Mt 9:9-13
2. Two sons.--------------------------Mt 21:28-33
3. Two debtors.---------------------- Lk 7:41-43
4. Lost Sheep ------------------------Lk 15:3-7
5. Lost Coin.-------------------------- Lk 15:8
6. Lost son.---------------------------Lk 15:11
7. Wicked vine dressers.------------Mt 21:33-46
8. Great banquet.--------------------Mt 22:11-14; Lk 14:15-24
9. Generous Employer.--------------Mt 20:1-16
10. Pharisee & the tax collector.----Lk 18:9-14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sec II   ACCEPT GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TODAY
 
2:1 Act now before to is too late       10 Parables
2:2 Act now take necessary action     7 Parables
2:3 Act now let nothing impede you   7 Parables
2:4 Act now it is supremely worthy.   2 Parables
2:5 Act now this is your last chance   1 Parables
 
2:1 ACT NOW BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.    10 Parables
 
2:1.1 NOCTURNAL BURGLAR           Mt 24:43-44;   Lk 12:39-40
2:1.2 THE 10 MAIDENS ---------------Mt 25: 1-13.
2:1.3 THE DOOR KEEPER -------------Mt 13:33-37;    Lk 12:35-38
2:1.4 SERVENT ENTRUSTED WITH SUPERVISION   Mt 24:45 – 51; Lk 12 :42-46
2: 1.5 TALENTS -------------------Mt 25 : 14 – 30; Lk 19 : 12 – 27
2: 1.6 THE WEDDING GARMENTS ----------------- Mt 22: 11 – 13.
2: 1.7 Simile snare & the unwary (bird) --------------Lk 21: 34 - 36 
2: 1.8   Simile- Budding Fig tree Mk 13: 28, 29. Lk 17: 26 – 27; 28 – 30.                                             
2: 1.9 Simile concerning harvest time Mt 24 : 32 – 33; Lk 21 : 29 – 31
2: 1.10 EYE LAMP OF THE BODY Mt : 22 -23; Lk 11: 34 – 36
 
2 : 2. ACT NOW, TAKE NECESSARY ACTION (7 PARABLES)
 
2 : 2.1 DEBTORS         Mt 5:25, 26; Lk 12: 58,59    
2 : 2.2 THE DISHONEST STEWARD    Lk 16: 1 – 8.           
2 : 2.3 THE RETURN OF THE UNCLEAN SPIRIT Mt 12: 43-45a; Lk 11:24–26.
2 : 2.4 CHILDREN -----MARKET PLACE      Mt 11: 16 – 19   Simile
2 : 2.5 NEW GARMENTS /NEW SKINS Lk 5 : 36 - 39
2 : 2.6 PLOUGH MAN Lk 9 : 61 ,62;   act now take necessary action
2 : 2.7a. TOWER BUILDER,   Lk 14:28-32
2.2.7b KING CONTEMPLATING A CAMPAIGN Lk 14:28-32
 
2 : 3.   ACT NOW LET NOTHING IMPEDE YOU.    7 Parables.
 
2 : 3.1 RICH FOOL                Luke   12:16 - 21.
2 : 3.2 RICHMAN & LAZARUS   Lk 16 : 19 – 31.
2 : 3.3. WEDDING FEAST            22: 1 – 14; Lk 14 : 15 – 24.
2 : 3.4 CAMEL/NEEDLE simile Mk 10:24; Setting & context all are same Mt    
            19:24.All are same Lk18: 25
2 : 3.5 LET THE DEAD BURRY THE DEAD Mt 8 : 21 -22; Lk 9 :59 – 60.
2 : 3.6 2 MEN IN THE FIELD   Mt 24 : 40; Lk 34 : 36   Metaphor
2 : 3.7 2 WOMEN AT THE MEAL metaphor   Mt 24 :41;   Lk 17 : 35.
 
 
2 : 4.   ACT NOW IT IS SUPREME WORTH IT. 
(TWIN PARABLES)
 
2 : 4.1 THE TREASURE   Mt 13 : 4
2 : 4.2 THE PEARL Mt 13 45 – 46.
2 : 5. ACT NOW THIS IS YOUR LAST CHANCE.    I PARABLE
2 : 5. 1 THE UNPRODUCTIVE FIG TREE Lk 13:6-9           
 
 
3 .1 WE LIVE THE KINGDOM LIFE – IN CONFIDENT HOPE.   (6 PARABLES)
 
3 .1.1. Mustard seed Mk 4:30-32                     
3 1.2. Leaven Lk 13:20-21
3. 1.3 THE SOWER.           Mk 4 : 3 – 8; Mt 13 : 3 – 8; Lk 8 : 4 – 8.
3 .1.4 PATIENT FARMER     Mk 4 : 26 - 29
3. !. 5   THE UNJUST JUDGE            Lk 18 : 2 -8. CONFIDENT HOPE
3 .1.6 THE UNOBLIGING FRIEND         Lk 11 : 5 – 8. 
 
3 .2 PATIENT & TOLERANCE 
 
3. 2.1 WHEAT / WEEDS    Mt 13 : 24 – 34.
3 .2.2 NET GOOD DRAGNET / BAD FISH          Mt 13 : 47 – 50.
 
3 .3   OBEDIENCE TO GOD / JESUS WORD
 
3.3.1. THE 2 FOUNDATIONS              Mt 7: 24 – 27; Lk 6 : 47 – 49.
3.3.2. THE 2 SONS       Mt 21 : 28 – 32           See (1.2) Gods Offer of salvation
3.3.3. THE SOWER   ------Mk4 : 14 – 20; Mt 13 : 18 – 23;   Lk 8 : 1 – 15.
 
3 .4   PRAYER there are 2 parables that teach on prayer.
 
3.4.1. PHARISEE & THE TAX COLLECTOR (originally 2 p) Lk 18 : 9 – 14   (1.10)
3.4.2. THE UNJUST JUDGE----------(3 1.5) Mt 13: 47—50.
3.4.3. UNOBLIGATING FRIEND   (3 1.6)   Lk 11: 5-8
 
3 5. LOVE OF NEIGHBOUR
 
3.5.1. Good Samaritan              Jn 15:12.   Lk 10:25—37.
3.5.2. Last Judgment                 Mt 5:24-26
3.5.3 Unfaithful servant            Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 12:41-48
 
3 .6. STEWARDSHIP
 
3.6.1 Refer to 2 .1.4 Servant / Supervisor.
3.6.2 Refer to 2. 1.3 Doorkeeper.
3.6.3 Refer to 2 .1.5 Talents.
3.6.4 Refer to 2. 2.2 Dishonest Steward.
3.6.5 Refer to 2. 5.1 Unproductive Fig Tree.
 
3 7. MISSION  
 
3.7. 1. Great Supper --- Mt 22:1 –14; Lk 14: 16—24.
 
 
 
 
I PARABLES
Jesus  uses every Parable to reveal the reality or Nature of the KOG
either how to extend the KOG or how to live it.
 
II Characteristics of Jesus Parables.
(1) They are easy to understand,
 Because he employs concrete ideas, words & pictures.
(2) Parables are Masterpiece of story telling.
 
In every Parable of Jesus, Jesus gives you a revelation which demands a revolution & lead you to a resolution
REVELATION-------REVOLUTION---RESOLUTION.
After listening to a P you will never remain the same,
you will either be better or worse if you ignore it.
 
III Def of a Parable, what is a Parable: The wd Parable comes from a Greek word parabole.
(i) para means along side, bolein = throw; two things thrown alongside. At the basis of the P there is always a comparison, there are 3 aspects
(ii) symbols –images that the Parables uses.
       Reality—beneath the symbol
       Comparison that relates the symbol to the reality.
 
Ex. Lost Sheep       Symbol—Shepherd
                                Reality--- God
                        Comparison--- Relating God with the sheep.
Just as the shepherd rejoices the finding of the lost sheep so also God rejoices in finding the lost person
(iii) A P is an extended comparison in the form of a story, it narrates a story that never took place but so true to life it could happen to anybody anytime.
 
IV Distinction between parables & allegory:
In a P there is only one comparison. In a allegory there are number of implicit comparisons,
In Hebrew masal, in Aramaic mathla.
These includes fables, P, proverbs examples, arguments
 
V  Why did Jesus speak in Parables
It is an excellent teaching style, abstract reality in concrete terms.
Jesus does not do the thinking for us,
he provokes us to thinking.
A Parable tickles us in to thinking—
 
 
VI Classification of the P of J:
I God offer of salvation to sinners. These P offer the GN that God is offering ( GN to the
2 Accept Gods offer today / now                                                                                 sinners)
3 Live in the Kingdom of life today—(a)with God --(b) neighbour
 
 
1. GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS:
Salvation is being offered to ALL Jews & Gentiles alike. Specially to the despised & the lost ( also to the Pharisees)
*Who are the 10 Parables addressed to: They are addressed not to the sinners / despised but to the opponents of Jesus.
*The main purpose of the Parable is not to present the GN (God offer of Salvation. to sinners)
 
Jesus focuses on 3 characters:
a. The sinner
b. The critics themselves / & the self righteous.
c. God.
 
a. PARABLE               b. SINNERS         c. CRITICS           d. Why does God accept sinners
 
 
Classifications of Jesus Parables.
 
1. 10 PARABLES ON GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TO SINNERS.
 
1. Sick & healthy. -------------------Mt 9:9-13
2. Two sons.--------------------------Mt 21:28-33
3. Two debtors.---------------------- Lk 7:41-43
4. Lost Sheep ------------------------Lk 15:3-7
5. Lost Coin.-------------------------- Lk 15:8
6. Lost son.---------------------------Lk 15:11
7. Wicked vine dressers.------------Mt 21:33-46
8. Great banquet.--------------------Mt 22:11-14; Lk 14:15-24
9. Generous Employer.--------------Mt 20:1-16
10. Pharisee & the tax collector.----Lk 18:9-14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sec II   ACCEPT GODS OFFER OF SALVATION TODAY
 
2:1 Act now before to is too late       10 Parables
2:2 Act now take necessary action     7 Parables
2:3 Act now let nothing impede you   7 Parables
2:4 Act now it is supremely worthy.   2 Parables
2:5 Act now this is your last chance   1 Parables
 
2:1 ACT NOW BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.    10 Parables
 
2:1.1 NOCTURNAL BURGLAR           Mt 24:43-44;   Lk 12:39-40
2:1.2 THE 10 MAIDENS ---------------Mt 25: 1-13.
2:1.3 THE DOOR KEEPER -------------Mt 13:33-37;    Lk 12:35-38
2:1.4 SERVENT ENTRUSTED WITH SUPERVISION   Mt 24:45 – 51; Lk 12 :42-46
2: 1.5 TALENTS -------------------Mt 25 : 14 – 30; Lk 19 : 12 – 27
2: 1.6 THE WEDDING GARMENTS ----------------- Mt 22: 11 – 13.
2: 1.7 Simile snare & the unwary (bird) --------------Lk 21: 34 - 36 
2: 1.8   Simile- Budding Fig tree Mk 13: 28, 29. Lk 17: 26 – 27; 28 – 30.                                             
2: 1.9 Simile concerning harvest time Mt 24 : 32 – 33; Lk 21 : 29 – 31
2: 1.10 EYE LAMP OF THE BODY Mt : 22 -23; Lk 11: 34 – 36
 
2 : 2. ACT NOW, TAKE NECESSARY ACTION (7 PARABLES)
 
2 : 2.1 DEBTORS         Mt 5:25, 26; Lk 12: 58,59    
2 : 2.2 THE DISHONEST STEWARD    Lk 16: 1 – 8.           
2 : 2.3 THE RETURN OF THE UNCLEAN SPIRIT Mt 12: 43-45a; Lk 11:24–26.
2 : 2.4 CHILDREN -----MARKET PLACE      Mt 11: 16 – 19   Simile
2 : 2.5 NEW GARMENTS /NEW SKINS Lk 5 : 36 - 39
2 : 2.6 PLOUGH MAN Lk 9 : 61 ,62;   act now take necessary action
2 : 2.7a. TOWER BUILDER,   Lk 14:28-32
2.2.7b KING CONTEMPLATING A CAMPAIGN Lk 14:28-32
 
2 : 3.   ACT NOW LET NOTHING IMPEDE YOU.    7 Parables.
 
2 : 3.1 RICH FOOL                Luke   12:16 - 21.
2 : 3.2 RICHMAN & LAZARUS   Lk 16 : 19 – 31.
2 : 3.3. WEDDING FEAST            22: 1 – 14; Lk 14 : 15 – 24.
2 : 3.4 CAMEL/NEEDLE simile Mk 10:24; Setting & context all are same Mt    
            19:24.All are same Lk18: 25
2 : 3.5 LET THE DEAD BURRY THE DEAD Mt 8 : 21 -22; Lk 9 :59 – 60.
2 : 3.6 2 MEN IN THE FIELD   Mt 24 : 40; Lk 34 : 36   Metaphor
2 : 3.7 2 WOMEN AT THE MEAL metaphor   Mt 24 :41;   Lk 17 : 35.
 
 
2 : 4.   ACT NOW IT IS SUPREME WORTH IT. 
(TWIN PARABLES)
 
2 : 4.1 THE TREASURE   Mt 13 : 4
2 : 4.2 THE PEARL Mt 13 45 – 46.
2 : 5. ACT NOW THIS IS YOUR LAST CHANCE.    I PARABLE
2 : 5. 1 THE UNPRODUCTIVE FIG TREE Lk 13:6-9           
 
 
3 .1 WE LIVE THE KINGDOM LIFE – IN CONFIDENT HOPE.   (6 PARABLES)
 
3 .1.1. Mustard seed Mk 4:30-32                     
3 1.2. Leaven Lk 13:20-21
3. 1.3 THE SOWER.           Mk 4 : 3 – 8; Mt 13 : 3 – 8; Lk 8 : 4 – 8.
3 .1.4 PATIENT FARMER     Mk 4 : 26 - 29
3. !. 5   THE UNJUST JUDGE            Lk 18 : 2 -8. CONFIDENT HOPE
3 .1.6 THE UNOBLIGING FRIEND         Lk 11 : 5 – 8. 
 
3 .2 PATIENT & TOLERANCE 
 
3. 2.1 WHEAT / WEEDS    Mt 13 : 24 – 34.
3 .2.2 NET GOOD DRAGNET / BAD FISH          Mt 13 : 47 – 50.
 
3 .3   OBEDIENCE TO GOD / JESUS WORD
 
3.3.1. THE 2 FOUNDATIONS              Mt 7: 24 – 27; Lk 6 : 47 – 49.
3.3.2. THE 2 SONS       Mt 21 : 28 – 32           See (1.2) Gods Offer of salvation
3.3.3. THE SOWER   ------Mk4 : 14 – 20; Mt 13 : 18 – 23;   Lk 8 : 1 – 15.
 
3 .4   PRAYER there are 2 parables that teach on prayer.
 
3.4.1. PHARISEE & THE TAX COLLECTOR (originally 2 p) Lk 18 : 9 – 14   (1.10)
3.4.2. THE UNJUST JUDGE----------(3 1.5) Mt 13: 47—50.
3.4.3. UNOBLIGATING FRIEND   (3 1.6)   Lk 11: 5-8
 
3 5. LOVE OF NEIGHBOUR
 
3.5.1. Good Samaritan              Jn 15:12.   Lk 10:25—37.
3.5.2. Last Judgment                 Mt 5:24-26
3.5.3 Unfaithful servant            Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 12:41-48
 
3 .6. STEWARDSHIP
 
3.6.1 Refer to 2 .1.4 Servant / Supervisor.
3.6.2 Refer to 2. 1.3 Doorkeeper.
3.6.3 Refer to 2 .1.5 Talents.
3.6.4 Refer to 2. 2.2 Dishonest Steward.
3.6.5 Refer to 2. 5.1 Unproductive Fig Tree.
 
3 7. MISSION  
 
3.7. 1. Great Supper --- Mt 22:1 –14; Lk 14: 16—24.
 
 
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