Typology in Christian theology and Biblical exegesis is a doctrine concerning the relationship of the Old Testament to the New Testament. Events, persons, or statements in the Old Testament are seen as types pre-figuring or superseded by antitypes, events or aspects of Christ or his revelation described in the New Testament.
Jonah may be seen as the type of Christ in that he emerged from the fish's belly and thus appeared to rise from death. The story of Jonah foreshadows the redemptive work of Jesus Christ
1. (Jonah) His mission was to call the gentile Assyrians of Nineveh to repentance and acknowledgement of Yahweh as the source of their salvation [Jonah 1:1; 3:1-2].
1. (Jesus Christ) His mission was to call all of mankind, including the gentile nations, to repentance and into Covenant with Yahweh [Matthew 28:18-20].
2 Jonah was willing to sacrifice his life for the salvation of his shipmates [Jonah 1:12].
2. Jesus was willing to sacrifice His life for the salvation of the world [Matthew 20:28].
3. (Jonah) He was entombed in the belly of a great fish [Jonah 2:1].
3. (Jesus) After Jesus' death He was placed in a tomb [Matthew 27:60].
4. (Jonah) On the third day Jonah was "resurrected" from the belly of the fish [Jonah 2:11/10].
4. (Jesus) On the third day Jesus was resurrected from the tomb [Matthew 17:23; 20:19; 28:1-10].
5. (Jonah) After his "resurrection" from the belly of the fish, Jonah continued his mission to call the gentile Assyrians to repentance and salvation [Jonah 3:1-3].
5. (Jesus) After His resurrection from the tomb, Jesus continued His mission to found the universal Church and to commission the Apostles to spread the gospel to every nation on earth; it is a mission that continues even after His Ascension [Matthew 28:16-20].
6. Jonah preached that Nineveh would be destroyed in 40 days if the people did not repent [Jonah 3:4].
6. (Jesus) After His resurrection, Jesus taught the New Covenant Church for 40 days before His Ascension [Acts 1:3].
7. Jonah taught that failure to repent sin brings judgment but salvation is a gift of God [Jonah 1:1; 3:4-5, 9-10]
7. Jesus taught that failure to repent sin brings judgment but salvation is a gift of God [Matthew 5:21-22; John 5:22-29; 8:34-36; Luke 24:47; John 3:17; 5:34; 10:19; Acts 2:21].
Anthony Custodio Fiacre DIAS
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09th. October 2017