Topics that start with 0- before its title are scanned notes from the seminary. Topics are easy to find since they are in alphabetical order.
Ministry of the Word - MARK's balance notes Fr Jude
  > Colossians. Letter. Fr Harry
  > Bible Introduction Books
  > Corinthians Book background. .. Fr Fritzgerald
  > Corinthians I Fr Jerry
  > Deuteronomy... Fr Fritzgerald
  > DEI VERBUM Fr Gilbert Live in
  > Daniel Exam Notes
  > EXODUS Fr Lester
  > Ephesians.Letter.. Fr Harry
  > Ecclesiastes
  > GENESIS Ch 1-11
  > GENESIS 12-50 Fr Harry
  > Galatians.....Fr Jude Ferreira
  > HOSEA by Fr K. T. Emmanuel
  > Hebrews... Fr Jude Ferreira
  > Haggai & Zechariah
  > Infancy Narrative
  > John... Fr Lester
  > Job
  > James .. Fr Errol fernandes
  > John 1, 2, & 3..,Fr Jude Ferreira
  > John's letter .. Fr Jude Ferreira
  > Joshua.. Fr Roland
  > John 1, 2 & 3 & Jude... Fr Jude
  > Leviticus.... Fr Jerry
  > Mariology... Bp Agnelo Gracious
  > Mark Gsp... Fr. Jude
  MARK's balance notes Fr Jude
  NT Books
  Numbers... Fr Lester.
  OT Intro.. Fr Roland
  Psalms... Live in
  Parables Fr Lester
  Passion & Ressurrection Narratives. Fr Jude Ferreira
  Pentateuch... Fr Jude
  Pentateuch. Intro
  Proverbs Fr Jude Ferreira
  Pauline letters Intro..
  Peter..I & II Fr Errol Fernandes
  Philippians.. Rejoice in the Lord always
  Dossier on Sirac
  Dossier on Hosea
  Philippians on Excellence
  Passion Death & Resurection Jerrys Dossier
  PARABLES introduction n classification
  Song of Songs ...Fr Jude
  Ten Commandments in Deut & Exo.
  Thessalonians..I & II Fr Jude
  Wisdom Literature
  Maccabees I
  Revelation.. Fr Jude.
  666 - Who Is The Beast Of The Revelation?
  Did Jesus rise from the dead?
  12 Days Of Christmas
  Emergency Telephone Numbers
  The Seven Last Words of Jesus
  The Battle Belongs to the Lord
  12 Tribes of Isreal, family tree, Kings & Prophets
  Family Tree of Abraham
  Jacob and Tribes of Israel
  Map of Isreal in ref to Hosea
  Southern Kings & Prophets
  MOW Oct 2008 Livein at the seminary
  Pic's 29.4.2009 livein
  Northern Kings & Prophets
  22.2.09 Commisioning Day pics
  Pic's 29.4.09 livein
  B'days in the Bible
  Way of the Cross
  PARABLES, A complete Dossier
  PARABLES II, A complete Dossier
  5 Ways To Know You're In God's Will, verything Is Fighting Against You.
  00 Bible Study Principles & Practices
  Repetative Prayer Q&A
  The Sifting of Simon Peter (Lk 22:31-34)
  The Parable of the Fig Tree
  O L Fatima Church first church of its kind in Asia. at KARJAT
  Different names of GOD
  Enthronement to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
  Ask Seek Knock
  Biblical Typology
  God’s Justice and Abraham’s Intercession
  Simon Peter the Fisher of Men Luke 5:5-11
  Why was Moses not allowed to enter the Promised Land
  The Untold Story of Mary's Visitation..Short Form
  Mary the Ark of the new Covenant..Full Form
  sacrament of Confirmation. The ordination of the Laity
  Hyssop used in Biblical Times and Sinificance
  Why did Jesus fold the napkin
  Halloween..All you wanted to now
  Title of your new page
  Jesus as the bronze serpent in Numbers 21:4-9
  Walls of Jerico
  The Parable of the Talent Mt 25:14-30
  Jonah and Jesus
  Kyrie eleison or Lord of Mercy
  Can we Pray Over the Sick
  Miraculous Medal. A Legion Document
  Confraternity of the Most Holy Rosary Legion Document



Entry into Jerusalem (11: 1-11)


·       Problematic:


1.   Roman authorities and the high priest do not take any action at this "entry" of Jesus with a huge crowd esp. at Passover time.


2.   "Lord" is a resurrection title – Jesus seems to declare himself here (earlier Messianic secret)


3.   "The colt" – how could Jesus know about this? The yoke has not yet been put on the animal and such an animal is slaughtered for sin (some sin).   There is reference to a "red heifer" in Num 19:2 ® "upon which yoke ….." Deut 21:3 ® "never been worked ….. yoke……"


EXPLANATION: Understand the symbolism :


Zechariah 9:9 ® Jesus fulfils this prophecy


·       "leafy branches" = Mk does not specify palms.

                                  (Mt ® "branches from the trees)

                                  (Lk ® Nil.  Jn. Nil)


·       "Hosanna …."     = from Ps 118: 25-26

                               = meaning is "save please"

                               = here it is more a greeting of homage


Cursing of the fig tree (11: 12- 14)


·       In Mk, first the cursing, then the "cleansing" and then the explanation of the cursing.


·       Problematic: only miracle in Jerusalem, destroys property (cfr "pigs" in ch 5), Jesus' behaviour seems irrational and destructive.


·       OT background is a series of passages about plants and their fruits: Is 1:30: "be … withers"



Ezekiel 17:9 – "uproot …. withers…."

Joel 1:12

Amos 2: 9 –


·       Figs in Palestine are not ripe before June


·       A symbolic story focussing on Israel's lack of readiness to accept Jesus or his message of the kingdom.  Hence "may you stand condemned."


·       The fig tree was a common OT image for Israel (Hos 9:10).  Jesus' cursing of the fig tree would symbolically stand for his anger with the Jewish people (lace of belief and their acceptance of him)


·       Story is also linked with the cleansing of the temple.


·       The withered fig-tree is meant to symbolise the fruitless side of Jewish piety in Jesus' time.


Cleansing of the Temple (11: 15-19)


·       The prophecy in Is 56:6-7

"make them (foreigners) joyful in my house of prayers…."  The temple will be opened to foreigners.


·       Jer 7:8 – 11 – "become a den of robbers …" (v-11)


·       The money-changers gave out Jewish coins in exchange for Greek or Roman money


Explanation of the fig tree (11:20-26 )


·       Mark drives home the point of prayer and faith


·       Prayer + forgiveness


5 controversy stories + 1 parable


1.   On whose authority 1:27 - 33

* 2. Parable of the tenants 12:1 – 12

3.   Paying taxes to Caesar 12: 13-17

4.   On the resurrection 12:18-27

5.   The great commandment 12:28-34

6.   On David's Son 12:35-37



1.   On whose authority 11:27-33 (v/s Scribes ch. Priests and elders)


·       The question was designed to trap Jesus into a public claim that his authority was from God thus laying the groundwork for a charge of blasphemy (cfr. 14:64)


·       The prime movers of the plot against Jesus are the Chief Priests, Scribes, Elders.


·       The reference is to Jesus' cleansing of the Temple.


·       The dilemma: If they admitted the divine origin of JB's baptism they would leave to explain why they did no accept is/him.


If they denied the divine origin they would run the risk of opposition from the general public who believed JB to be a prophet from God.




The parable is an allegory:


·       Vineyard = Israel; owner = God

·       Tenants = Israel's leaders, Son = Jesus

·       Servants = prophets, others = Gentiles

·       Punishment = destruction of the leadership seen in the destruction of the Temple


Difference in Mt and Lk

(21:33 – 46)


Mt= many servants

Mk = 1 servant, 1 servant, many

Lk = servants go one by one

(20: 9-19)


Absentee landlords sent servants or rent collectors during the year


·       "Vineyard" = Is 5:1-2

·       hedge was to keep animals out

·       winepress = for pressing the grapes into wine.

·       tower = a place for watchmen/shelter

·       Servants are given worse and worse treatment ® beating, wounding, shameful treatment, death.


·       "stone" which the builders…." = Ps 118: 22-23

·       corner-stone = holds the walls of the building together


Conclusion: The parable comments on the hostility of the Jewish leaders towards Jesus.   The kingdom of God will now be open to non-Jesus (Gentiles).


3.PAYING TAXES TO CAESAR (12: 13-17) v/s Pharisees & Herodious

·       Jesus goes on to challenge his audience to be as exact in serving God as they are in serving Caesar.


·       Payment of tax was in Roman coinage and a reminder to the Jesus of their subjugation.


·       The trap: If Jesus said its OK to pay taxes then he will be discredited among Jewish nationalists for collaboration with Rome.


If he says 'no' then he will be seen as a revolutionary and a danger to Rome.


·       Since the coins in which the tax is to be paid are Roman coins and belong to the Emperor, paying the tax is simply a matter of giving back to the Emperor what already belonged to him.


·       "things of God" = a spiritual challenge to meet one's obligations to God as conscientiously as one meets obligations to the State.


4.   ON THE RESURRECTION (12:18-27) v/s. Sadducees


·       Sadducees did not believe in the Resurrection because of the silence of the Pentatauch on this.


·       They quote Deut 25: 5-10 = marrying the husband's brother if he died


·       Jesus uses this occasion ("trap") to speak about resurrected life.


·       He uses Ex 3:6,15 – 16 = "god of the living."  God's power can overcome death and give life.


·       The angelic character of the resurrected is explained by Jesus.



5.   The Great Commandment (12:28 –34) controversy v/s a scribe


·       Jesus' answer combines 2 OT quotations Deut 6: 4-5 ® "the Shema"  (which a Jew had to say twice a day) & Lev. 19:18 ® "love your neighbour……"


·       The Scribe has a lack of hostility and is complimented by Jesus in the end.  His attitude and sincere desire to learn make the incident into a learning exercise rather than controversy.


·       "holocausts and sacrifices" cfr. Hos 6:6, 1Sam 15:22


6. David's son = 12:35 - 37


·       a complicated argument on Ps 110:1 – Lord … lord.  The title "son of David" does not exhaustively define the Messiah.


·       Jesus is something more.  He is Lord (Kyrios) and much greater than David – he is GOD.


·       Lord (God) said to "my Lord" is someone different from and superior to David i.e. Jesus. Jesus is more than "son of David"


Attack on the Scribes: (12: 28-40)


·       The hypocritical scribes are the opposite of what Jesus wants his disciples to be.


·       Jesus warns the Scribes about their search for honour and prestige (12:38-39) and robbing widows under the pretence of piety .


·       Scribes were the interpreters of the law.


·       They could serve as trustees of a widow's estate


·       A common way of receiving their fee was a share in the estate.  Perhaps they raised their fees in certain situations (against Ex 22:21 )


These lawyers will receive a stiff condemnation at the last judgement which is the highest court of all.


The Widow's Mite: 12:41 – 44.


·       The woman is contrasted v/s the greedy scribes.


·       "2 copper coins" were the smallest coins in circulation at that time.


·       The widow makes a real sacrifice to support the temple whereas the rich simply gave out of their surplus.


·       The end of the story signifies total dependence on God.  The widow is part of the "anawim "



Jesus' final discourse: (13:1-37) Division:


a) destruction of the Temple (13:2)

b) future events (13: 5-13)

c)   the great tribulation (13:14 – 23)

d) the triumph of the Son of Man (13:24-27)

e) exhortation to confidence and vigilance (13:28-37)


a)        In predicting the destruction of the Temple, Jesus stood in the Tradition of the OT prophets.


Mic 3:12 –

Jer 26: 18 –


·        Temple destroyed in AD 70 by the Romans.


b)  Jesus' message is one of patient endurance in the face of cosmic upheavals and persecutions. "wait-and-see the coming of God's kingdom"


·        Early Christians leaders and teachers may have claimed to be reincarnations of Jesus.  They claimed to be Jesus come back from the right hand of God cfr. 13: 21-23


The coming of the KOG will be preceded by wars, uprisings, earthquakes, famines – these are all part of the divine plan.   The example used is of a woman giving birth.


·          From world events the focus shifts to the fate of the disciples – they will suffer persecution.  They will encounter opposition from Jews and Gentiles


·          "brother will betray brother ….." (within the family too)


c)        "desolating sacrilege" = abomination of desolation cfr. Dan 9;27,11:31, 12:11 1Macc 1:54, 59


Antiochus IV Epiphanes erected an altar in the Temple and slaughtered unclean animals on it.  Later, put his own statue (in 168 BC)


·          Later Emperor Caligula will do the same.


v-19 // Dan 12:1 – "time of trouble ….


·          God has established a time schedule for the coming of the kingdom (Dan 12:7)

d)     Cosmic portents/signs are taken from the OT:


Is 13:10, Ezek 32:7, Amos 8:9, Joel 2:10, 31


i.e. all creation will signal his coming.


"clouds"- Dan 7:13 – applied to Jesus


·          The gathering of the elect will take place.



e)     Exhortation:



      2 parables  ............the fig tree


                                    man going on a journey








3 sayings (13:30, 13:31, 13:32)


Catch phrases = these things (29), pass away (30), watch (33), gate (29)


"heaven & earth will pass away" = Os 51:6, 40:8


·          The door-keeper must be ready for the master's return (v-34).  Since the exact time is not known, constant vigilance is required .

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